General information about the head/neck/eyes
The head is the highest part of the human body. The front of it consists of the facial skull as basis for the face and the back of cranial vault as stable housing for the brain. In addition to the brain, the head also houses the central nervous system organs for the eyes, ears, nose and mouth. The head is connected to the trunk through the neck. In the area of the head and neck, a wide range of complaints, diseases and functional disturbances can occur.
Medical specialists for diseases of the head, neck and eyes
Depending upon which sub-portion of the head and which sensory organs are involved, various experts are responsible for the treatment of diseases of the head, neck and eyes. Various different medical sub-disciplines can be differentiated in ophthalmology, LASIK or refractive surgery, ear, nose and throat, neurology, neuroradiology and neurosurgery, plastic and aesthetic surgery and mouth, jaw and head surgery.
Various disciplines and experts for diseases of the head, neck and eyes
Frequently seen in ophthalmology are, for example, cataract, glaucoma and refractive errors such as myopia or hyperopia. These are usually treated by ophthalmology experts Augenheilkunde-Experten by operations, particularly eye operations of refractive surgery. Among the most important treatment methods of experts for refractive surgery Experten für Refraktive Chirurgie are LASIK, LASEK and the implantation of artificial lenses.
Experts for ear, nose and throat and ophthalmologists Experten für Hals-, Nasen- und Ohrenheilkunde are involved with diseases, injuries, anomalies, functional disorders and tumours of the neck, nose and ears, as well as tinnitus, sleep apnoea, deafness and oesophageal cancer. Diseases and abnormalities in the teeth, oral cavity, jaw and face are treated operatively in the context of mouth, jaw and facial surgery.
The diagnosis and treatment of neurological, brain-related, diseases takes place in the context of neurology, neuroradiology and neurosurgery. Frequent diseases in this sub-discipline include brain tumour, brain aneurysm, Parkinson’s disease, epilepsy and dementia.
Experts in neurology treat Experten für Neurologie, for example, primarily neurological diseases such as Parkinson’s disease, tremor, migraine, dementia, epilepsy and multiple sclerosis. Neuroradiological experts Neuroradiologie-Experten specialise in imaging diagnostics of diseases of the central nervous system and its covering. They do this, for example, using such imaging procedures as angiography, computer tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance tomography (MRT). Experts in neurosurgery Experten für Neurochirurgie are responsible for the operative treatment of diseases and injuries to the brain, the spinal cord, the spine and the nerves.
Experts in plastic and aesthetic surgery Experten für Plastische und Ästhetische Chirurgie are specialists for shape-changing and restorative procedures. Their range of services in the area of the head includes face-lifting, nasal surgery and ear correction.