General information on rehabilitation
A patient’s rehabilitation is prescribed due to serious illness or after he undergoes a significant operation. Rehabilitative measures help people with limitations return to their original condition or maintain their condition. Rehabilitation then involves physical, mental and social conditions.
Medical specialists in rehabilitation
Rehabilitation experts support patients as they become well again after serious diseases and operations. For example, the specialist in physical and rehabilitative medicine handles the follow-up care of the treatment of a patient. The term rehabilitation describes a process of restoration of physical and mental capacities. Rehabilitation can be applied in various medical fields. For example there is internal medicine, oncologic, orthopaedic, neurological and psychosomatic rehabilitation.
After serious disease or massive surgery the patient receives rehabilitation to help him return to his normal physical and mental condition. During several weeks of rehabilitation, a combination of different therapeutic concepts are used that have a different effect with regard to each illness. In this way the damaged bodily function can be balanced and restored.
During rehabilitation, various therapeutic concepts, for example physiotherapy, occupational therapy and speech therapy are combined and directed to fit the needs of the patient. For example, for different diseases there are different types of rehabilitation, including roughly internal medicine, oncology, orthopaedics, neurological or psychosomatic rehabilitation. Chronically ill persons, too, can undergo rehabilitation to help them improve their physical and mental capacities.
Various rehabilitation measures
The measures of physical, mental and social rehabilitation include all therapies that can help the patient return to his original physical and mental condition or restore it as far as possible. These include, for example, physical therapy or physiotherapy and occupational therapy, speech therapy and hippotherapy. But such modern concepts of stress control or stress management such as yoga can also be part of a rehabilitation programme, including in particular measures that the patient can include in his rehabilitation in his daily life in order to counter newly occurring disease symptoms.
These days the factor of stress must be particularly considered during rehabilitation, because the normal everyday life of the patient has become more stressful. The factor of a busy profession can adversely affect the clinical picture, the course of disease and the recovery of the individual patient. For this reason learning successful stress control and strategy in order to deal with stress is a significant component of rehabilitation. These measures also have a preventive effect in order to counter further disease or worsening of the patient’s general condition.
That rehabilitation is attuned precisely to the patient, his needs and the underlying diagnosis is also shown by the existence of the various types of rehabilitation that exist in medicine. For example, experts in orthopaedic rehabilitation care for patients after serious operations and the placement of artificial joints. Experts in neurological rehabilitation help return patients, among others those that have suffered a stroke or have restrictions in their neurological functions, to their original status.
While, for example, in orthopaedic rehabilitation physiotherapy is important in order to strengthen the muscles, in neurological rehabilitation occupational therapy is important in order to restore lost functions, such as after a stroke.