Information about bones / joints / spine
The human musculoskeletal system is made up of the skeleton, which consists of bones, joints and the spine, and muscles, tendons and ligaments. The boney skeleton's main function is body support, shape and posture.
Experts for bones / joints / spine
The muscles and ligaments offer body mobility and flexibility. Commonly treated disorders are sports and accident injuries such as joint and bone fractures (e.g. knee and hip) and degenerative disorders such as osteoarthritis or slipped discs.
Prevention, diagnosis and treatment
Prevention, diagnosis and treatmentof disorders, injuries and dysfunctions of the musculoskeletal system are usually treated by experts in the field of orthopedics and trauma surgery.
Within these fields, common subspecialties are endoprosthetics, foot surgery, hand surgery, knee surgery, hip surgery, orthopedics, trauma surgery and spinal surgery in which experts treat disorders of the affected parts of the musculoskeletal system.
For the prevention and diagnosis of the different disorders of the joints, bones and the spine, there are different preventive and diagnostic modalities available such as bone scintigraphy, bone density measurement and arthroscopy.
Conservative treatments or surgical methods
The treatment of orthopedic disorders may be performed conservatively via physical therapy, pain therapy or drugs.
If a conservative treatment isn't possible, surgical methods such as the implantation of artificial joints in endoprosthetics or intervertebral disc surgery in spinal surgery are available.