Spinal column surgery is often a subspecialty of neurosurgery - because the spinal cord is the starting point of the peripheral nervous system. The therapeutic and scientific focus of this surgery is on degenerative and tumor-related diseases of the spinal column and spinal cord, i.e. spinal cord injuries and spinal diseases. The most common reason for surgery is tumors or contusions.
The spectrum of surgical interventions ranges from the treatment of inflammation and paralysis, to herniated discs - including those of the cervical spine - and disc degeneration (discopathies), to instabilities of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine. Osteoporosis with neurological symptoms also belongs to this area.
As a rule, neurosurgical spine surgery requires an interdisciplinary approach. This means that specialists from a wide range of disciplines use their expertise to answer all questions arising in connection with diagnosis and therapy. Incidentally, surgeries of the spine and spinal cord are increasingly being performed using minimally invasive techniques.
The neurosurgical spine surgeon also intervenes in these diseases: Neurofibromatosis, kyphosis, osteochondrosis, spinal stenosis, spondylodiscitis, spondylolisthesis, spondylosis, cauda equina syndrome, meralgia paraesthetica, supinatorlogen syndrome, thoracic outletlet syndrome and nerve cancer - also in children.