Skin and facial disorders - Further information
Specialist in skin and venereal diseases/dermatology
The dermatologist is an expert in skin diseases and sexually transmitted diseases. Eczema, acne, psoriasis, vitiligo and allergies are the most common indications for dermatological treatment. Connective tissue diseases (e.g. scleroderma and dermatomyositis), Pemphigus vularis or bullous pemphigoid are autoimmune diseases of the skin that are part of the dermatological speciality. However, the most frequent types of therapy for skin diseases include operative removals of benign and malignant skin changes - malignant melanoma (skin cancer).
Dermatologists possess expertise in diagnostic procedures as well as disease-related pre- and post-diagnostic treatments. To become a specialist in dermatology, a physician must complete two years of postgraduate training in a specialised clinic.
Therapeutic range of services in dermatology
The therapeutic range of services of dermatology includes for the most part allergology, balneotherapy, balneophototherapy, the treatment of chronic skin disorders (e.g. eczema, psoriasis), dermatohistology/direct immunofluorescence, the treatment of dermatosis, skin cancer treatment (melanoma, lymphoma, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma), hyperhidrosis treatment (iontophoresis, excisions, suction curettage), cryotherapy (freezing), laser therapy for psoriasis, vitiligo and atopic eczema, surgical therapy, photodynamic therapy, PUVA (psoralen and UVA treatment) for the treatment of psoriasis, eczema and vitiligo, scleroderma, therapy for bothersome skin changes, allergic vasculitis, venereology/sexually transmitted diseases and screening for malignant melanoma.