Internal organs - Further information
Information about internal organs
The gastrointestinal tract is responsible for the intake, reduction, transport and resorption of food. This tract consists of the oral cavity, pharynx, esophagus, stomach and intestines as well as the attached organs liver, gall bladder and pancreas.
Experts for internal organs
Common diseases of the gastrointestinal tract are inflammatory diseases of the intestines such as Crohn’s disease, cancers such as stomach cancer, intestinal cancer or liver cancer, stomach diseases such as stomach ulcers, liver diseases such as hepatitis or liver cirrhosis as well as rectal diseases such as hemorrhoids.
Diseases of internal organs
The medical field of gastroenterology, a subspecialty of internal medicine, attends to the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases and dysfunctions of the gastrointestinal tract. Within the field of gastroenterology, there are different subspecialties such as proctology which attends to the treatment of rectal diseases and hepatology which is specialized in the treatment of liver diseases.
Dietary-related disorders and diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract can be treated conservatively, e.g. within the field of nutrition medicine, or surgical within the field of visceral or bariatric surgery. Visceral surgery attends to the surgical treatment of diseases affecting the abdominal organs while bariatric surgery attends to the surgical treatment of morbid obesity which cannot be treated conservatively.
The most important diagnostic and treatment methods in gastroenterology are endoscopic diagnostics such as gastroscopy or colonoscopy as well as sonography of stomach, intestines, liver and kidneys.