Whether stomach cancer, colon cancer or lung cancer - cancers are considered the scourge of mankind and are the second most frequent cause of death worldwide after cardiovascular diseases. Prostate cancer is particularly common in men and breast cancer or uterus cancer in women.

Oncology deals with all kinds of carcinomas and tumors - as a branch of internal medicine: Oncologists are already involved in cancer prevention, they assist cancer patients in diagnosis and therapy - and accompany their patients during aftercare.

Oncological treatment in hospitals or clinics involves the removal or destruction of the entire tumor tissue. If the cancer cannot be eliminated by removing or destroying the tumor, oncologists at least try to reduce the size of the tumor. This usually reduces the symptoms - and it prolongs the life of the patient.

Besides surgical removal of the tumor, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are among the most common methods of treatment. Chemotherapy involves the use of cytostatic drugs - natural or synthetic substances designed to inhibit malignant cell growth. Newer classes of drugs increasingly allow drug therapies, which can even target specific forms of cancer. These include monoclonal antibody therapies.

In addition to the types of cancer already mentioned, it was recently mainly kidney cancer, pancreatic cancer and all forms of leukemia that many people around the world are suffering from. Black skin cancer - malignant melanoma - and cancer of the bladder are also among them.

You will find oncology specializations below!

Article overview

Oncology - Further information

In a search for specialists in oncology and haematology, you will find medical experts for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer diseases. You have cancer and are seeking an experienced oncology or haematology expert or you wish to consult a specialist in cancer therapy for a second medical opinion? We will help you find an oncological specialist or a haematology specialist.

Specialist in oncology and haematology

Oncology is concerned with the development and treatment of cancer. The oncologist is a cancer specialist and specializes in diagnosing and treating cancer. The earlier cancer is detected the better the chances of cure in most cases. Cancers are classified according to the degenerate body cells in solid tumours and malignant systemic diseases. Solid tumours are solid, mostly locally limited tumours that are differentiated into carcinoma or sarcoma. Malignant systemic diseases are known as blood cancer and lymphoma. The most common cancers include breast cancer, lung cancer, stomach cancer, colon cancer, mouth and throat cancer, oesophageal cancer, malignant melanoma skin cancer, prostate cancer, testicular cancer, and blood cancer (leukaemia).

The focus of cancer treatment is the complete destruction and removal of malignant tumours or cells (curative therapy). If this is not possible, oncologists and haematologists attempt to shrink and contain the cancer as much as possible in order to improve and extend the life of cancer patients (palliative therapy). Qualified oncologists now make use of standardised therapeutic regimens for different types of tumours which are individually adapted to the situation of each cancer patient. Oncologists use state-of-the-art procedures in cancer therapy. These include irradiation, chemotherapy, various methods of hyperthermia and immune therapy and surgical removal of the tumour.

Therapeutic range of services of oncology/haematology

The therapeutic range of services of oncology/haematology comprises, for the most part, the treatment of blood cancer (acute and chronic leukaemia such as ALL, AML, CML, CLL), the treatment of lymph gland cancer (such lymphoma as Hodgkin’s, non-Hodgkin’s, multiple myeloma), the diagnosis and treatment of blood and tumour disease, blood count studies, coagulation diagnostics, chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, immune therapy, radiation therapy, infusion therapy, transfusion therapy, molecular biological therapy, stem cell transplant (allogeneic, autologous), bone marrow transplantation, mammography, magnetic resonance tomography (MRT), biopsy and pain therapy.

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