The sense of sight is the focus of ophthalmology. From the gaze being projected to the eye height - even in our language the meaning of this sense becomes clear. Ophthalmology - also called ophthalmiatry in technical terms - is the study of the structure and function of the visual organ. And, of course, it is about the study of its diseases and functional disorders of the eye, its appendages and the visual sense. And finally - not to forget - the medical treatment of diseases and disorders.

Ophthalmology - Further information

Numerous examination techniques and tests are common in ophthalmology. For example, there are examinations with the slit lamp, in which the eye is viewed stereoscopically, or ophthalmoscopy, in which the rear sections of the eye are viewed by reflection. If there is suspicion there could be foreign bodies under the eyelids, ectroprionisation - the turning of the upper eyelid - is considered. Ophthalmologists have at their disposal the most filigree and highly developed tools.

Besides foreign bodies, burns are among the most common injuries of the eye area. Among the diseases that occur frequently is diabetic retinopathy, i.e. retinal damage caused by diabetes. Corrections of defective vision and the treatment of glaucoma are also among the routine procedures of ophthalmologists, as are corneal transplants and malignant melanomas.

Ophthalmology is also one of the sub-disciplines of surgery. The most common surgery performed worldwide is performed by an ophthalmologist: it is cataract surgery.

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