Surgery deals with the surgical treatment of diseases. This mainly involves the recognition - i.e. diagnosis -, the treatment and the rehabilitation of diseases and injuries. The treatment of malformations is also a part of the field of surgery.
Like many medical terms, the word comes from the Greek, it means craftsmanship in the original sense. Even though many people generally equate surgery with operations: surgery is by no means the only specialty in which people operate.
The surgical spectrum is extensive. It mainly covers surgical and non-surgical basic and standard care. Surgeons are therefore often the ideal candidates for emergency medicine. As a result, surgeons are usually very well informed about the basics of accident, visceral and vascular surgery.
So whether it's about bone fractures, accidental injuries, herniated discs or even varicose veins - these are all cases for surgery. The Greeks were not wrong: in fact, technical skill and an eye for esthetics are part of surgery.
In medicine, there are a total of eight surgical disciplines or specializations. Of course, these areas overlap each other all the time. By the way: For the sake of a better overview, we have divided visceral surgery into two parts and additionally listed hernia surgery as a subspecialty.