Surgery - Further information
Information about surgery
As a medical specialty, surgery attends to the surgial treatment of disorders, injuries, sequelae and malformations requiring attention by a surgeon. Surgical treatment thus is an invasive treatment form, most commonly just called surgery.
Experts for surgery
In surgery, sick organs can be completely or partially be removed, injured body parts be stitched together, congested organ system cleared and new organs and prothesis implanted. This can be performed in either minimally invasive or open surgery.
The medical field of surgery and its subspecialties
Several subspecialties have developed in the field of surgery: vascular surgery, heart surgery, thoracic surgery, visceral surgery, bariatric surgery, pediatric surgery, trauma surgery, neurosurgery, oral and maxillofacial surgery and plastic and aesthetic surgery.
In the area of heart surgery, surgical cardiac interventions such as bypass surgery or heart transplantation are performed. Vascular surgery attends to the surgical treatment of vascular diseases such as peripheral artery occlusive disease. Surgery of the chest, lungs, bronchia, mediastinum, pleura and diaphragm is carried out in thoracic surgery.
The clinical focus area of visceral surgery is the surgery of the abdominal organs, say stomach, intestines, liver, spleen and gallbladder. Common interventions in bariatric surgery, the area of surgery which is specialized in the treatment of obesity, are gastric bypass, gastric band and sleeve gastrectomy.
Neurosurgery is specialized in surgical interventions of the brain, spinal cord, spine and nerves, such as the treatment of brain tumors or slipped intervertebral discs.
Plastic and Aesthetic surgery
In plastic and aesthetic surgery, shape-changing and reconstructive surgery such as facelift, nose correction and breast augmentation are performed.