Matthias Kühn

Matthias Kühn

Medical author

Editorial Contributions

Specialty

Cardiology

Cardiovascular diseases play a particularly important role in internal medicine. No wonder: diseases related to the heart are still the most common cause of death worldwide. Cardiology is concerned with the heart. Cardiologists are therefore responsible for the diagnosis and treatment of congenital...

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Specialty

Cardiac Surgery

The heart is the first organ to be formed in the embryo - and cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of death worldwide. Cardiac surgeons deal with diseases and injuries of the heart as well as with congenital or acquired disorders. The spectrum ranges from classic heart defects, cardiac...

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Specialty

Vascular surgery

The surgical treatment of disorders of the blood vessels: This is the specialty of vascular surgery. What about blood vessels? Varicose veins and stenoses - i.e. pathologically dilated or narrowed vessels - are the most common problems that are treated. Vascular surgeons examine the condition of the...

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Specialty

Angiology

When it comes to the functionality and diseases of arteries, veins and lymph vessels, angiologists are in demand - that is, in the treatment of vascular diseases. As a branch of internal medicine, angiology focuses on the diagnosis of a broad range of vascular diseases, as well as on surgical and no...

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Specialty

Oncology

Whether stomach cancer, colon cancer or lung cancer - cancers are considered the scourge of mankind and are the second most frequent cause of death worldwide after cardiovascular diseases. Prostate cancer is particularly common in men and breast cancer or uterus cancer in women. Oncology deals with...

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Specialty

Radiotherapy (radiation oncology)

If electromagnetic radiation is able to remove electrons from atoms or molecules, i.e. if it can destroy cells - then radiotherapy is used. This is also referred to as radiation therapy or irradiation. Positive, i.e. ionising radiation of particles is the foundation of medical radiotherapy. The goo...

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Specialty

Ophthalmology

The sense of sight is the focus of ophthalmology. From the gaze being projected to the eye height - even in our language the meaning of this sense becomes clear. Ophthalmology - also called ophthalmiatry in technical terms - is the study of the structure and function of the visual organ. And, of cou...

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Specialty

Gynecology

Gynecology is concerned with the female reproductive organs, the menstrual cycle and, to some extent, the female urinary tract. This medical speciality focuses on the functionality, disorders and all diseases. It is therefore concerned with the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of gender-specific ...

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Specialty

Neurology

Neurology focuses on the prevention, diagnosis and therapy of all diseases of our nervous system, which consists of the central, peripheral and vegetative nervous system. But in addition to nervous diseases, neurology also focuses on some muscular diseases - especially neuromuscular diseases. The l...

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Specialty

Neurosurgery

Neurosurgery is concerned with diseases, injuries or malformations of the central and peripheral nervous system - especially their surgical treatment. The diseases of the nervous system that fall within the neurosurgeons' area of expertise can differ fundamentally: They affect either the spinal colu...

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Specialty

Urology

Urology focuses on the diseases and disorders of the kidneys and the urinary tract in both sexes. In addition to the kidneys, the focus is therefore on the bladder, the ureter and the urethra - and especially on diagnosis and therapy. Especially in men, urologists look at the urogenital system, i.e...

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Specialty

Psychiatry

In medicine it assumes a special role: Psychiatry focuses on the research, diagnosis and therapy of mental illnesses. The rehabilitation of mentally ill people - as well as life-accompanying measures - also belong to the field of psychiatry. The mental disorders diagnosed and treated in psychiatry ...

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Specialty

Psychosomatic medicine

A chronic cough, permanently recurring pain or simply discomfort in certain situations? And all this without doctors being able to find physical causes for the symptoms? If so, it seems likely, that this is a case for the specialist in psychosomatic medicine and psychotherapy! Physical, psychologic...

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Specialty

Abdominal surgery

Visceral surgery? It can also be put more simply: abdominal surgery includes the treatment of diseases of the internal organs. The intestine, the liver, the pancreas and the esophagus are just as important in this area as the stomach and the gall bladder. And let's not forget: The surgical treatment...

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Specialty

Pneumonology

Whether pneumology or pulmonology - this subarea of internal medicine deals with the lungs, bronchial tubes and respiration. Pulmo is the Latin word for the lungs, the Greek word "Pneu" stands for wind, air and breath. In fact, both terms are in common use - so there are pneumologists and pulmonolo...

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Specialty

Thoracic surgery

When diseases, injuries or malformations in the chest need to be treated, the thoracic surgeon takes action. The thorax consists of the pleura, the bronchi, the lungs and the windpipe. The mediastinum, as the space between the sternum and the thoracic spine is called, also belongs to the field of th...

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Specialty

Pediatric Surgery

From the time of birth until the age of sixteen - that's when a lot of things have to be taken care of in surgery. This is why the spectrum of pediatric surgery is so broad: from general surgery, visceral and thoracic surgery to vascular surgery and plastic surgery, pediatric surgeons look after the...

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Specialty

Pediatric and adolescent medicine

Particularly during longer hospital stays, a lot is demanded of children. Thus, anyone who specialises in pediatric and adolescent medicine not only needs medical expertise, but above all empathy. And yet the professional versatility of pediatrics is enormous. Pediatrics is the study of diseases of...

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Specialty

Pediatric and adolescent medicine

Particularly during longer hospital stays, a lot is demanded of children. Thus, anyone who specialises in pediatric and adolescent medicine not only needs medical expertise, but above all empathy. And yet the professional versatility of pediatrics is enormous. Pediatrics is the study of diseases of...

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Specialty

Oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMFS)

Oral and maxillofacial surgery is an independent medical specialty that combines elements of both medicine and dentistry. Therefore, oral and maxillofacial surgeons in German-speaking countries are trained in both medicine and dentistry - and must also prove their expertise in both fields.

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Specialty

Nephrology

When something is affecting our kidneys - that is a case for the nephrologist. In fact, kindney diseases can be the result of a variety of causes. The two organs shaped like beans are responsible for the important detoxification of the body. They filter all kinds of residues that accumulate in the b...

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Specialty

Hernia surgery

Hernia surgery is in fact a subfield of visceral surgery, i.e. abdominal surgery. But this field is becoming more and more important. This is mainly due to the high number of inguinal hernias, by far the most common hernia worldwide. But what exactly is a hernia? The answer is quite simple: a hernia...

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Specialty

Nuclear Medicine

Anyone who receives nuclear medicine therapy actually undergoes no other treatment than radiation therapy - only from the inside. This is because nuclear medicine uses so-called radionuclides for the diagnosis and therapy of diseases. These radioactive particles help to detect tumors or metastases. ...

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Specialty

Alternative therapy

Sometimes it can be interesting to consider positions other than scientifically established conventional medicine. A number of different medical techniques from all over the world are then available as treatment methods, which ideally, as complementary medicine, can offer an added value to conventio...

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Specialty

Rheumatology

Rheumatology is a subfield of internal medicine, but it also touches on the field of orthopedics. Internists or orthopedic specialists who have trained as rheumatologists, i.e. rheumatic orthopedists, concentrate primarily on the diagnosis and non-operative treatment of patients with inflammatory di...

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Specialty

Endocrinology

Metabolism and hormones are the focus of endocrinology. Hormones are messenger substances with incredible power: Our body consists of up to one hundred trillion cells, which in turn form bones, blood vessels, skin, organs and all other parts of the body. Coordinating and controlling this is a task t...

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Specialty

Sleep medicine

Be it healthy sleep or disrupted sleep - sleep medicine deals with both. But of course, sleep physicians are primarily concerned with disorders. Because regular sleep deprivation over a longer period of time can have serious psychological and physical consequences. Diseases and disorders that affect...

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Specialty

Surgery

Surgery deals with the surgical treatment of diseases. This mainly involves the recognition - i.e. diagnosis -, the treatment and the rehabilitation of diseases and injuries. The treatment of malformations is also a part of the field of surgery. Like many medical terms, the word comes from the Gree...

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Specialty

Orthopedics and trauma surgery

Whether it is a fracture or arthrosis in the knee, problems with the hip joints or osteoporosis - these are all cases for the orthopedic surgeon. The specialist for trauma surgery and orthopedics deals with all congenital and acquired disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal system. So bones, ...

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Specialty

Plastic and esthetic surgery

Strictly speaking, these were once two different types of surgery: While plastic surgery is usually used for reconstruction, cosmetic surgery is mostly used to improve congenital or acquired defects. The spectrum ranges from cleft palates to deformities of the ears to contusions or severed body par...

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Specialty

Internal organs

It is regarded as the true supreme discipline: Internal medicine is the subspecialty of the great complex of medicine, which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of all internal organs - without surgery. Internal medicine therefore deals with the structure, function and diseases of all...

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Specialty

Dentistry

It would actually be more appropriate to call it dentistry, oral and maxillofacial medicine, since dentistry is the medical specialty that focuses on the prevention, detection and therapy of diseases, injuries and malformations in the dental, oral and maxillofacial area. So it comes as no surprise t...

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Specialty

Otolaryngology (ENT)

The nose, ears and throat are closely connected. For this reason, the medical speciality of otorhinolaryngology deals with all diseases that can occur in the ears, nose, throat and oral cavity. The vocal apparatus, the upper and lower respiratory tract and the esophagus are also part of ENT, as it i...

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Specialty

Diabetology

Endocrinology and diabetology actually belong together. After all, a very large number of specialists in this field are "specialists in internal medicine with a focus on endocrinology and diabetology". This in turn refers to six years of additional training. But not all diabetologists have the main ...

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Specialty

Gastroenterology

Gastro - of course: This must have to do with the stomach. In fact, the ancient Greeks called the stomach Gaster. From gastronomy to gastritis, the word often accompanies us. Accordingly, gastroenterology is the branch of internal medicine that deals with disorders and diseases of the digestive syst...

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Specialty

Hematology

Internists who take care of diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs are called hematologists. The field of hematology includes anemia and disorders of blood coagulation. The coagulation system, as the system of blood coagulation is called, can be disturbed if, for example, hematomas (bruises)...

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Specialty

Pediatric mind

The medical specialist field addressing the mind of the child is an important element of pediatric and adolescent medicine. Colloquially it is simply called child psychology. There is a difference between child and youth psychiatrists and psychotherapists on the one hand and child and youth psychot...

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Specialty

Radiology

Radiation that heals. Radiation that produces images - these are the main tasks of radiology. Radiotherapy, as radiology is therefore also called, deals with the medical use of various types of radiation. These rays are used both for the diagnosis and therapy of various diseases.

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Specialty

Sports medicine

Sports medicine is a subfield of medicine that deals primarily with two areas: on the one hand, with activity, training and lack of exercise - and on the other hand, with the prevention, diagnosis and therapy of sports injuries. Sports cardiology, sports surgery and sports traumatology are of partic...

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Specialty

Neurosurgical Spine Surgery

Spinal column surgery is often a subspecialty of neurosurgery - because the spinal cord is the starting point of the peripheral nervous system. The therapeutic and scientific focus of this surgery is on degenerative and tumor-related diseases of the spinal column and spinal cord, i.e. spinal cord in...

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Diagnostics

MRI

Magnetic resonance tomography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is one of the imaging techniques used in radiology. It is used above all for the precise imaging of soft tissue or organs. Magnetic resonance tomography provides precise sectional images in high resolution, which the specialist can u...

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Diagnostics

Sonography

The ultrasound examination, also called sonography, is a quick and effective medical imaging procedure. It is one of the most common methods of examination because it is largely free of side effects and is also inexpensive. With the ultrasound, as the examination is usually simply called, different...

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