Neurosurgery is concerned with diseases, injuries or malformations of the central and peripheral nervous system - especially their surgical treatment. The diseases of the nervous system that fall within the neurosurgeons' area of expertise can differ fundamentally: They affect either the spinal column or the head and brain, which all belong to the central nervous system - the CNS. The peripheral nervous system describes the nerve pathways that run through all regions of the body from the spinal cord. This is precisely why we distinguish two areas in neurosurgery:

  1. Neurosurgical spinal surgery: Here the most common diagnoses requiring surgery are tumors in the spinal cord and spinal cord contusions. Herniated discs are also among them.
  2. Head and brain surgery: Diseases or injuries that are most frequently treated here are cerebral haemorrhages, tumors or vascular obstructions in the brain. It also includes all types of craniocerebral injuries - and not least the hydrocephalus.

By the way: functional disorders of the nervous system are also often a case for neurosurgeons, such as movement disorders, epilepsy or unfathomable pain.

Recommended specialists

Article overview

Neurosurgery - Further information

In a search for specialists in neurosurgery you will find medical experts for the diagnosis and treatment of neurological diseases. You are suffering from skull-brain injuries, a brain tumour, cerebral haemorrhage, a cerebrovascular accident or a herniated disc and are seeking an experienced neurosurgeon? Here you will find selected specialists for neurosurgery.

Specialist for neurosurgery/neurosurgeon

A neurosurgeon is an expert in operations for diseases of the brain, the spinal cord, the nerves and the spine. With the aid of neuronavigation, brain tumours can be removed while to a great extent sparing healthy brain tissue. During this procedure, the neurosurgical specialist is supported optimally by intraoperative ultrasound imaging and neuromonitoring. The operative approach is used in particular for spinal and spinal marrow injuries, degenerative changes, inflammations and tumours. The medical focal points of neurosurgeons include spinal surgery for herniated discs, spinal canal stenosis, vertebral fracture, vertebral tumours and neurodegenerative diseases, hypophyseal tumours, basilar skull tumours and nerve and spinal disc disorders.

In addition to specialised surgical skills, neurosurgeons also have a great deal of knowledge about diagnostic procedures as well as disease-related pre- and postoperative treatment. To become a specialist in neurosurgery, a physician must complete six years of postgraduate surgical training.

Therapeutic range of services in neurosurgery

The therapeutic range of services of the neurosurgeon comprises, chiefly, neuronavigation, spinal navigation, neuromonitoring, neuro-endoscopy, laser, electrode implantation, auditory brain stem implants, transcranial Doppler sonography, stereotactic brain biopsy, microneurologic operations on the lumbar spine for herniated disc, endoscopic sequestrectomy, computer tomography as well as spiral CT, magnetic resonance imaging, angiography and myelography.

Whatsapp Facebook Instagram YouTube E-Mail Print